From Children of StarClan
|DISCLAIMER: The information provided herein is in relation to a role playing game based on a fictional book series. None of the information provided herein should be used to treat yourself or your pets. Please consult someone trained in first aid, Human Medicine, Veterinary Medicine, or another appropriate professional before attempting to treat a living creature.|
|Human Equivalent:||Concussion, Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI), Head wound, Post Concussion Syndrome. Postconcussive Syndrome, "shell shock", "Black out" / "Blackout"|
|Description:|| A concussion is a brain injury usually caused by a jarring impact to the head; occasionally, a concussion can result from a violent shaking of the upper body, particularly of the neck. The type and severity of symptoms depends on the severity of the injury. These symptoms can include: pain; headache; fatigue; anxiety; weakness; disorientation; inflammation; bleeding; nausea and/or vomiting; temperament shift; problems with vision, hearing, speech, balance, sleep, appetite and/or memory; convulsions, and unconsciousness.
|Duration:||Mild:||Patient should recover within 3 days, though they can recover in an hour or less.|
|Moderate:||Patient is expected to have fully recovered between 3 days and 3 moons.|
|Severe:||Duration exceeds 3 moons.|
|Moderate:||As above with mild case. Re-apply poultice to the contact site for reducing pain and inflammation. If needed, give more painkillers and/or give herbs for soothing anxiety and bringing rest.|
|Severe:|| As patient may be incoherent or even unconscious, medicine cats must use their best judgment as to what to treat, and with what herbs. Treat as with moderate case, with following accommodations:
|Residual Effects:||Mild:||For as long as symptoms are present, patients should have a peaceful place to rest and drink under the medicine cat's observation. If, immediately after treatment, patients shows no symptoms, they may return to light duty as soon as poultice has dried. Have them come to follow-up check-ups at least once a day for the next 3 days to ensure that no more ill effects are felt.|
|Moderate:||Less severe effects (see severe case) are possible. Whether such effects are temporary depends on the force of the blow to the head and the quality/timeliness of treatment for ensuing concussion.|
|Severe:||Permanent effects are expected, whether personality change, slowing of reflexes, or other impairments. Blindness may result. Memory trouble and/or intelligence decline are among some potential mental effects.|
|Possible Complications:||Mild:||Potential infection if skin was broken at contact site.|
|Moderate:||Potential infection if skin was broken at contact site.|
|Severe:|| Potential infection if skin was broken at contact site.
Permanence of effects are expected.
|Notes:||This ailment has a chance of fatality. Even if the patient survives, a permanent change - physical and/or physiological - can remain. The more time a patient is unconscious, the less likely s/he will survive. Moreover, if an incompletely-healed brain is damaged by another concussion, the probability increases. Another ill-boding sign is if the patient starts vomiting right after the injury.|
|Related Herbs:||Water Mint, Catnip, Chamomile, Lavender, Poppy, Thyme, Feverfew, Willow, Water Dock, Apple, Rosemary, Hawthorn, Caraway, Ginger, Raspberry, Dandelion|
|Related Symptoms:||Loss of Appetite, Convulsions, Coma, Irregular heartbeat, Nausea, Vomiting, Sleeplessness, Severe Pain, Inflammation, Weakness, Bruise, Pain, Fever, Anxiety, Blurry Vision|